Charlton of Philadelphia, who patented a postal card, and sold the rights to Hymen Lipman, whose postcards, complete with a decorated border, were labeled "Lipman's postal card". In Britain, postcards without images were issued by the Post Office in 1870, and were printed with a stamp as part of the design, which was included in the price of purchase. The larger size was found to be slightly too large for ease of handling, and was soon withdrawn in favour of cards 13mm (½ inch) shorter.The first known printed picture postcard, with an image on one side, was created in France in 1870 at Camp Conlie by Léon Besnardeau (1829–1914). The first advertising card appeared in 1872 in Great Britain and the first German card appeared in 1874.Despite the name, linen postcards were not produced on a linen fabric, but used newer printing processes that used an inexpensive card stock with a high rag content, and were then finished with a pattern which resembled linen.The face of the cards is distinguished by a textured cloth appearance which makes them easily recognizable.Cards with messages had been sporadically created and posted by individuals since the beginning of postal services.The earliest known picture postcard was a hand-painted design on card, posted in Fulham in London by the writer Theodore Hook to himself in 1840, and bearing a penny black stamp.
Postcards were made because people were looking for an easier way to send quick notes.
The world's oldest postcard was sent in 1840 to the writer Theodore Hook from Fulham in London, England.
The study and collecting of postcards is termed deltiology.
Conlie was a training camp for soldiers in the Franco-Prussian war. Cards showing images increased in number during the 1880s.
The cards had a lithographed design printed on them containing emblematic images of piles of armaments on either side of a scroll topped by the arms of the Duchy of Brittany and the inscription "War of 1870. Images of the newly built Eiffel Tower in 18 gave impetus to the postcard, leading to the so-called "golden age" of the picture postcard in years following the mid-1890s.