Zambia has since held a number of general elections within this new framework.
This, however, was almost disrupted by another of the population are Roman Catholic, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu and Bahá’í.
Overall, Zambia has 16 different Internet Service Providers (ISPs), and 3 mobile operators: Airtel, MTN and Zamtel. The limited amount of internet users in Zambia is due to a number of reasons, including high costs of hardware, software and access to the internet, poor network coverage, erratic and expensive electricity, and high levels of illiteracy and poverty ( (1) A person has the right to freedom of expression which includes – (a) freedom to hold an opinion; (b) freedom to receive or impart information or ideas; © freedom of artistic creativity; (d) academic freedom; and (e) freedom of scientific and technological research, as prescribed.
This study was carried out through the collection of network measurements from a local vantage point in Zambia, based on a set of designed to examine whether a set of websites were blocked, and whether systems that could be responsible for internet censorship and surveillance were present in the tested network (MTN Zambia).
The aim of this study is to increase transparency about potential internet controls in Zambia which might have interfered with the democratic process of elections.
Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, bordering with Tanzania, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana and Namibia.
Unlike most of its neighbors, Zambia is appear to include some of the factors that led to Zambia’s transition to a multi-party democracy and presidential system in 1991.